The best wireless security mode for home routers is based on your technology’s requirements. Most home users have a single wireless router with a broadcast range of less than a 150 foot radius. You ultimately want the most secure network possible with the least amount of complicated configuration. Even though most consumer routers have basic walk-through wizards to complete this task, a few basic points are important to keep in mind when choosing security for your router.
WPA and WPA2 (both AES and TKIP) use changing algorithms which are vastly more secure than WEP. WEP uses the same code over and over every time information is transferred wirelessly. WEP is very easy for a savvy technician to break. WPA or WPA2 are the best wireless security mode selections you can make.
WPA/WPA2 require a simple phrase to operate. We recommend that you choose something with an upper-case letter, lower-case letter, and a number as a minimum requirement when setting your password under the best wireless security mode. The reasoning behind this is that when you use all lowercase letters it becomes much easier for computer programs to try every single password combination for those letters in a technique called “brute force” password cracking. The hypothetical password, “happiness” is a poor password choice. The hypothetical password, “HappiNess03” is vastly more secure and is difficult to guess.
Almost anyone who has access to your router will be able to reset the device and gain access to your network. If you live in a shared apartment or place the router in a common area it is best to restrict physical access to the router to only those who need it. The best wireless security mode is no good without physical security.
Don’t share your password with your neighbor. Once anyone you don’t fully trust gains access to your network they can access your shared drives, intercept traffic, or look at less-than-legal websites on your internet connection. Be wary before giving out your password so openly. If you have a need to grant access to users outside of your home or family, read up on RADIUS servers and creating wireless hotspots which require login credentials to track user activity. Even selecting the best wireless security mode is redundant if you give out the password for your neighbor’s use. Who knows if they’re handing that information off to the neighbor you don’t exactly get along with?